Nowadays the handiest, comfortable, and all-in-one camera means a mobile camera that everyone has. After so many requests, on behalf of TECHNIBAS, I am writing here about some basics of mobile photography.
Every mobile has its best camera. I won’t go for which one has the best camera. I respect everyone’s judgment before going to buy mobiles. The mobile camera has its lens with liquid field crystal, not overall glass so that we get distortion always. But again, playing with distortion in wide-angle mode is amazing. Recent mobiles come with more than one lens and sensors for a better result. You cannot do optical zooming through one lens as it is very slim in build. The manufacturers divide lenses into wide-angle, telephoto, and macro segments. You can select from the mobile camera mode. Although you could choose different apps from play store and apple store for better camera effects and filters. But I recommend you click a photo with default camera personalization through your mobile and after that edit according to your desired effects. You would be able to get better quality.
Many editing apps are there in the google play store and apple store you could download. The most popular app nowadays is Snapseed all in one app. I use Photoshop Express for actual photography effects. You could also ask about it in the comment section of Technibas about the editing. We need more clarity, contrast, composition, and color corrections. I feel comfortable in Photoshop Express. But remember don’t increase any option more than 25% because of the small sensor of your mobile your photo will be noisier.
Another basic of mobile photography is you shouldn’t zoom in while using a mobile camera. A mobile camera does not have optical zooming. Mobile cameras give you digital zooming and it’s like cropping the main resolution of your sensor. You would get the horrific less resolution photo which will be of no use. I recommend you can crop it in Photoshop on 300 dpi resolution, you will get better resolution there. Most people make this mistake while clicking the photo. This is a very important technical tip. Now discuss the different parts of the camera mode.
How do you set your camera
First comes rear and front camera settings. You should select the highest resolution as your camera provides you and the ratio should be 4:3 for still photos and 16:9 for video. 4:3 ratio is the best proportion for mobile photography. Professional-level or printing the ratio is 2:3 of width and height so you would get white border both sides when you print 4:3 ratio photo for getting rid of this we need photoshop. For the front camera the same settings, I recommend.
Now comes the video setting where resolution is concerned. You have to understand the framing of videos and frames per second here. Three steps of resolutions we have here like HD- 1280×720 pixel, FHD-1920×1080 pixel, and UFD or ultra HD or 4k resolutions- 3840×2160 pixel. The last one is the most recent and crystal-clear format of video recording and it’s the heaviest format. You should have enough space for recording on your mobile. Another format is HEVC which takes less space than other formats like MP4 but it’s not playable in few digital players. You need a converter where MP4 is the most flexible format.
Next is the frame per second and how it works. Video is the collection of photos played one by one by your digital players. So, per second as much as the frame, the video you give will be smooth. The normal setting is 30 frames per second for HD and FHD where 60 frames per second for 4K or UHD videos. But if you record slow-motion video you need more frames like 980 frames per second at least for smooth playback, be sure you have enough memory in your mobile.
As we are talking about the frames then let’s talk about the fewer frames than the previous discussion of video recording. Time-lapse is a type of recording where we record a video for a very long time but convert it into a very short time like a recording of 2 hours is converted into a 30-second video. It’s another awesome option most of the mobile have nowadays. Here we set the frame interval with different timing like after every 6 seconds, 12 seconds, 24 seconds, etc. It means your camera will record one single frame after this time interval and after recording the software will attach the frames in 30 frames per second rate. So how does a two hours video become a few second videos? A small calculation is here like –
1 minute = 60 second
One hour = 60 minutes
1 hour = 3600 seconds
2 hours = 7200 seconds
Suppose I record a video with 2 second time interval then the total frames will be in 2 hours video like –
7200/2 frames = 3600 frames.
I need a video with 30 frames per second, then how many seconds of video I will get with a total of 3600 frames. It’s like –
3600/30 second= 120 seconds= 2 minutes
Therefore, you would get a two minutes video with a total recording of 2 hours video.
It’s a combination of photos of the same horizontal proportion. Sometimes you need a wide photo of your surroundings but your mobile’s wide-angle lens does not cover the same. You may use the panorama mode from your camera setting then. The basic concept of taking the photos in this mode is like set the panorama mode in your mobile then follow the mobile diagram on the screen and set the starting point of your subject and click on the capture button then pan your mobile at the same proportion till the end portion of your subject in side by side or ups and down direction but not in mixed direction. After that mobile will attach all the photos and make a large panoramic photo. Nothing more than that, very easy.
The same panoramic effect works for the front camera when you need a huge group in a single frame when your wide selfie camera does not permit to cover.
MOBILE PHOTOGRAPHY IN HDR MODE
It is a high dynamic range imaging produced digitally on your mobile. When we take photos the highlighted area becomes more highlighted and the dark area becomes darker. But with the help of HDR processing, we get a balanced luminosity control overall image. The control of high tonal value and low tonal value is called the dynamic range image.
Control of Few Options in mobile photography
As soon as you open the camera on your screen you would get the exposure or brightness control bar where you can adjust the brightness of your images. Be careful while using the bar, you would get overexposed or underexposed images where an image will be full of noise because of a very small sensor. You also get ISO control, but don’t increase so much, again your image will be full of noise. I recommend you click photos on the lowest ISO control.
After clicking you need a little adjustment like increasing contrast, color balance, highlights, shadows, etc. and your images will be ready for the exhibit at social media or other digital media. If you are planning to print some photos, crop or recompose your image at 2:3 proportion with your desired size. This is about the basics of mobile cameras. I would like to write in detail about each setting. If you have any advice or doubt feel free to write on the comment box, I would like to hear from you. TECHNIBAS is always with you to guide you to a next-level future tech.